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Thesaurus linguae Latinae (TLL)


Questions on the printed Thesaurus and the online version

How can I use the Thesaurus?

The Thesaurus is published in print continuously and can be used in research libraries and university institutes. The state of the publication and the latest issues can be verified here.There is also an open access version which can be used online (access here).The publishing house De Gruyter has developed a fulltext database of the Thesaurus which is accessible in licensing libraries. In case of discrepancies the printed version is authoritative. The printed and digital fulltext versions of the Thesaurus are distributed by De Gruyter. Technical questions concerning the fulltext database should be addressed to the same.

How do I find changes to the method of citation?

Over the years of writing the Thesaurus a few of the abbreviations for authors and works have changed. Changes up to 1990 are shown in the second edition of the Index librorum; later changes can be found  as PDF under Index: addenda. In our on-line version newly available texts have been and will continue to be incorporated, as will changes in any of the abbreviations used in citing works.

In what order are authors and works cited in the Thesaurus?

The order is in principle chronological, with slight divergences where a strict chronological order cannot reasonably be maintained; among other things works of the same author, and sometimes groups of works are kept together (e.g. the speeches of Cicero). You can find an overview (till Quintilianus) under Ordo.

How should I cite a Thesaurus article or a section of an article?

The best way is to give the volume number (in Roman numerals) followed (in Arabic numerals) by the section number of the volume (where applicable), column and line. For example, ‘TLL vol. IX 1, 79, 18’ is the beginning of the article nascor. These numbers can also be directly entered into the search mask of the online fulltext database of the TLL– but note that where the volume is not subdivided into parts, a nought (0) must be entered against ‘pars’. – The surnames of the authors of articles are found at the end of each article or batch of articles, their first names either in the introduction to each volume or on the inside cover of a fascicle or, in a continually revised list, here.

Questions on the unpublished material

Can I get information from a Thesaurus article which is being prepared for publication?

If they are ready, we are happy to send you a copy of the relevant sections. If an article is in preparation, its author can give you information. It is important to limit the question as far as possible; references to corresponding passages in Forcellini, OLD etc. can be useful. Often it helps us to learn what researches you have already completed.

Can I get information from the unpublished material in the Thesaurus archive?

We are happy to answer your questions. But there are limits. The question must be one which we can answer with our material within a reasonable time. Enquiries of the type, 'Is there anywhere in res …?' can normally not be answered – even if we should like to know the answer ourselves.

What kind of questions can be easily answered?

Questions about the existence of a lemma ('Does repetisiosus occur?') or about the presence of a lemma in particular author ('Have you any instances of saginaculum in inscriptions?'). Here we are happy to give you the relevant passages from our material.

What questions have little hope of an answer?

Questions about particular meanings are hard to answer ('Does res occur in the sense of 'causa' ?). Here too the basic rule applies that we will sooner be able to find answers with rarer words than with common ones (for caus(s)a = 'res' see vol. III 700, 62 sqq.). Since our material is NOT semantically arranged, extensive semantic or syntactic researches are unfortunately not possible.

Can I look at the material myself?

Researchers of every subject are always welcome as visitors. Please contact us before your visit (e-mail to Dr. Manfred Flieger, tll(at)thesaurus.badw.de)